The team of medical experts, engineers, and surgeons has been able to publish data from people and rats that proves the novel array of brain sensors, which is a world record in this field. Journal Science Translation Medicine has published the study’s papers, which are accessible for download here. Shadi Dayeh, a professor at the University of California San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering, is in charge of the project.
The new brain sensors are capable of registering electrical impulses directly from the surface of the human brain, and they are comprised of dense grids of either 1,024 or 2,048 embedded electrocorticography (ECoG) sensors, depending on the size of the sensor array.
This product provides high-resolution brain signal information:
Assuming that these malleable and thin grids of ECoG sensors receive FDA approval for clinical usage, surgeons will have access to brain signals that originate directly in the cortex of the brain, which will be 100 times more powerful than what is now available.
Having access to data such as which parts of the cerebral cortex are active may aid in the better planning of brain tumour procedures and the surgical treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy, among other applications. As part of this research, the team is developing a wireless version of high-resolution electroencephalogram (ECoG) grids that can provide up to 30 days of brain monitoring for patients with interactable epilepsy.
These advancements in technology, which have the possibility for permanent implantation, could help individuals with paralysis and neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and essential tremor live more fulfilling lives.
The display of ECoG sensor grids also offers up new potential in neuroscience, allowing for a greater knowledge of the human brain to be revealed, as well as for the development of more effective therapies.